Essential Power...Infinite Possibilities

Project Overview

The Idaho Cobalt Project (ICP)

Formation (the Company)’s primary asset, the 100% owned Idaho Cobalt Project, remains the only advanced stage, near term, environmentally permitted, primary cobalt deposit in the United States. The ICP will ethically produce environmentally sound battery grade cobalt salts, made safely, responsibly, and transparently in the United States.

The ICP is comprised of the Mine/Mill (M/M) site located in Lemhi County, Idaho, near the town of Salmon, Idaho and the Cobalt Production Facility (CPF), a stand-alone hydrometallurgical facility will be located in Blackfoot Idaho. The CPF will process concentrates from the M/M into cobalt, copper and gold end products. The project is slated to produce the equivalent of 1,500 tons of high purity cobalt sulfate annually over a projected mine life of 12.5 years.

The ICP is fully permitted having received a final Environmental Impact Statement and positive Records of Decision from both the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Forest Service and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. A Feasibility Study on the ICP completed in 2008 allowed the Company to finance the initial construction of the project. To date approximately 90% of the earthworks have been completed at the minesite.

The Company invested US$65.3 million completing two phases of the ICP construction program that commenced in June 2011 and completed in December 2012.

Approximately $16M worth of long lead time equipment was previously purchased and is stored in warehouse and staging areas outside of the town of Salmon, ready for transportation to the millsite. This equipment represents all major components of the mill and concentrator, and includes the ball mill, flotation cells, hoppers, grizzlies, etc. The project was placed on care and maintenance in May 2013 due to depressed financial markets and declining commodity prices.

By July 2014 financial markets had improved significantly and it became apparent that cobalt sulfate, used in lithium-ion batteries, was going to significantly outperform the market for cobalt used in super-alloys. Rechargeable batteries represent 49% of cobalt consumption (in the form of sulfate) and the market is growing at a compounded annual rate of 11.7%. As a result eCobalt announced a change of direction aimed at taking advantage of the rapidly expanding electric vehicle, grid storage, and renewable energy sectors.

Positive internal studies resulted in the commissioning of a Preliminary Economic Assessment (PEA) on the ICP in January 2015 to evaluate viability of producing cobalt sulfate heptahydrate for the rechargeable battery sector. Previous engineering and feasibility level technical reports were completed based on the production of high purity cobalt (HPC) metal for critical applications in the jet turbines, aero-engines and aerospace sector. Management continues to maintain the future option of producing HPC at the CPF.

*Feasibility Study defined in accordance with AACE International Class 3 Cost Estimation Classification System. Class 3 estimates are typically prepared to support full project funding requests for internal and/or external investment.

Positive results from the PEA and additional metallurgical test work conducted in 2015, resulted in the commissioning of Feasibility Study (FS)* on the ICP, currently in progress. In addition, positive results from additional metallurgical testwork to produce cobalt sulfate heptahydrate were announced in March 2016. These results are expected to be included in the FS.

Contingent upon the successful conclusion of the FS and subsequent mine financing, re-commencement of construction will start immediately with initial production expected to follow within 13 months ramping up to full production 8 months later (21 months from start of construction to full production).

The ICP remains America’s sole primary, near term, cobalt producer.

Background

The ICP has undergone numerous studies including scoping, pre-feasibility and feasibility level studies through the development of the project engaging numerous engineering firms and engineering, metallurgical and market specialists. These studies were commissioned by Management as the ICP progressed from exploration, development and into construction. Certain studies that refer to the reporting of geological resources and/or other National Instrument 43-101 requirements have been filed on SEDAR and are available at www.SEDAR.com. These filings include the Company’s latest Preliminary Economic Assessment (PEA) which is summarized below and in the Company’s April 22, 2015 news release. Excerpts from the PEA can also be found in the Company’s additional presentation materials.

The reader is cautioned that historical technical reports filed on SEDAR, prior to the most recent 2015 PEA, contain economic assumptions that are out of date. They may include assumptions for metal prices, plant performance, additional resources and other economics and as such should no longer be relied upon.

The historical technical reports were commissioned to define the production of High Purity Cobalt (HPC) metal for use in the super-alloy sector, which includes the manufacturing of wind and jet engine turbines. In 2014 Formation recognized a huge demand surge in Cobalt Sulfate brought on by the rapidly expanding electric vehicle, grid storage, and rechargeable battery sectors. Significant growth in these areas is expected to continue into 2025 and beyond. As a result, in 2015, management commissioned and completed a PEA to produce cobalt sulfate.

On June 21, 2016, the Company announced that it has signed an agreement with Micon for technical services to conduct a FS on the ICP. Micon will be subcontracting aspects of the study concerning the processing, infrastructural engineering, risk assessment, project scheduling, and cost estimating to SNC-Lavalin. Initial results from the FS are expected to be delivered to the Company in calendar Q3 2017. As at June 23, 2017, the Company reported progress on the FS in the following disciplines as follows:

  • Geology and Resources: Preparation of the relevant sections of the National Instrument 43-101 compliant technical report is in progress with a draft of the relevant sections of the report currently under review.
  • Geotechnical Studies: Flotation tailings obtained from the SGS Lakefield test-work is currently being utilized in paste backfill tests conducted by Patterson & Cooke.
  • Mining and Reserves: A preliminary mine production schedule has been provided to Small Mine Developers (“SMD”). SMD will prepare a contract mining cost estimate for the preproduction period Year -1, and operating Years +1 and +2. These estimates will include the initial mine development costs for the first two years, surface and underground mining equipment, electrical and communication design, backfill and dewatering system design, compressed air supply and ventilation.
  • CPF: After a positive review of the Geotechnical Drilling results from the Blackfoot industrial property located in southern Idaho, the purchase of the property was completed. This has allowed the Company to initiate the permitting of the site for construction and operation and further assess and finalize engineering requirements. The Blackfoot property was chosen for its excellent infrastructure including low cost electrical grid power, paved road, adjacent rail, potable water, and access to the local municipal water treatment plant. In addition, Blackfoot is located along Highway 15 between Pocatello and Idaho Falls giving the Company access to a large pool of skilled labor.
  • Engineering Design: All material take-off’s (determining all materials required to accomplish the design and costing) and equipment lists have been provided to the estimating team and are being incorporated into the project costs.

The proposed underground mine development layout has been optimized to minimize the scheduled lead time while providing access to stopes of above average grade early in the mine life to assist in minimizing mine payback schedule. Equipment requirements and layouts for both plants have been finalized and material take-offs (determining all materials required to accomplish the design and costing) have been quantified. In addition, SNC-Lavalin has completed its review and revision of the basic process engineering for the mill/concentrator and the CPF.